Normal Values of Organs Weights

Normal Values of Organs Weights and Measurements

Normal values of organs are necessary in order to understand the importance of alterations in weight and measurement of a diseased organ, it is important to be familiar with normal values. In the previous chapters, normal numbers are given along with the normal structure of each organ/system that precedes the discussion of the disease states that affect it. Here, the table compiles a complete list of generally accepted normal weights and measurements of most normal organs in fully developed medium-sized individuals and a normal healthy newborn.

Normal healthy newborns are compiled in Table. The single value and the value in parentheses are indicative of the average figure for that organ. The measurements have been given as width x width (thickness) x length. An alphabetical order has been followed.

Here are the Normal Values of Organs with weights in adults and at birth.

Organ In Adults At Birth
  Adrenal gland  
Weight 4–5 gm 8–11 gm
  BRAIN 320–420 gm
Weight (in males) 1400 gm  
Weight (in females 1250 gm
Measurements
(sagittal × vertical)
16.5 × 12.5 cm
Volume of cerebrospinal
fluid
120–150 ml
  HEART  
Weight (in males) 300–350 gm 17–30 gm
Weight (in females) 250–300 gm
Thickness of right
ventricular wall
0.3–0.5 cm
Thickness of left
ventricular wall
1.3–1.5 cm
Circumference of
mitral valve
10 cm
Circumference of
aortic valve
7.5 cm
Circumference of
pulmonary valve
8.5 cm
Circumference of
tricuspid valve
12 cm
     
Volume of pericardial
fluid
10–30 ml
  INTESTINES
Length of duodenum 30 cm
Total length of small
intestine
550–650 cm
Length of large
intestine
150–170 cm
  KIDNEYS  
Weight each (in males) 150 gm
Weight each (in females) 135 gm
     
Measurements 3.5 × 5.5 × 11.5 cm
  LIVER  
Weight (in males) 1400–1600
(1500) gm
Weight (in females) 1200–1400
(1300) gm
Measurements 27 × 8 × 20 cm
  LUNGS  
Weight (right lung) 375–500 (450) gm
Weight (left lung) 325–450 (400) gm
Volume of pleural fluid < 15 ml
     
  OESOPHAGUS  
Length (cricoid cartilage
to cardia)
25 cm
Distance from incisors to
gastro-oesophageal
junction
40 cm
     
  OVARIES  
Weight (each) 4–8 (6) gm
Measurements 1 × 2.5 × 4.5 cm
     
  PANCREAS  
Total weight 60–100 (80) gm
Weight of endocrine
pancreas
1–1.5 gm
Measurements 3.8 × 4.5 × 18 cm
     
  PAROTID GLANDS  
Weight (each) 30 gm
     
  PITUITARY GLAND (HYPOPHYSIS)  
     
Weight 500 mg
     
  PLACENTA  
Weight at term 400–600 gm
  PROSTATE  
Weight 20 gm
     
  SPLEEN  
Weight 125–175 (150) gm 6–14 gm
Measurements 3.5 × 8.5 × 13 cm
     
  STOMACH  
Length 25–30 cm
     
  TESTIS AND EPIDIDYMIS  
Weight each (in adults) 20–27 gm
     
  THYMUS  
Weight 5–10 gm 10–35 gm
     
  THYROID  
Weight 15–40 gm
     
  UTERUS  
Weight (in nonpregnant
woman)
35–40 gm
Weight (in parous
woman)
75–125 gm
     
Table of Weights and measurements of normal organs

 

Organomegaly can be a sign of disease and pathological abnormality, although the standard tables that define organomegaly have not yet been established and universally accepted. This study was designed to address the problem and determine a normal weight for major organs in adult human males. A prospective study of healthy men aged 18 to 35 years who died of sudden and traumatic death was carried out. Cases were excluded if there was a history of medical illness, including the use of illicit drugs, if prolonged medical treatment was carried out, if there was a long period between the time of injury and death, if the length and body weight could not accurately be assessed, or if any disease or intoxication was identified after gross and microscopic analysis, including evidence of systemic disease. So we have discussed the Weights and Measurements in detail we hope students understood it clearly.

 

FAQ about Normal Values of Organs:

 Is the size of organs equal or vary?

Answer: There are many factors, including body weight, height, lean body mass, and race, that cause organ weights to vary widely.

 

What is the heaviest organ in the body?

Answer: The skin, which represents about 16% of a person’s total body weight.

 

What is the big internal organ (heavy) in the body?

Answer: The Liver

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